BASIC GIT COMMANDS.
Git is an open-source version control system and a command-line tool, it is used by programmers, developers, and designers to store projects and keep track of changes to their files. github.com is a website where developers can store their projects. Some basic git command is mentioned below:
git clone /path/to/repository
This command is used to clone the application in local repository. Create a working copy of a
Create a new local repository.
This command used to Add all the files to staging.
git commit -m “Commit message”
Commit changes to head (but not yet to the remote repository).
git config –global user.name “jyoti” / git config –global user.email “email@example.com”
Configure the user name and email address to be used with your commits.
git remote -v
List all the currently configured remote repositories
git push origin
Send the committed changes to the branch of your remote repository.
List the files you have changed and those you still need to add or commit.
git remote add origin
If you have not connected to your local repository to a remote server, add the server to be able to push the code.
git remote -v
List all currently configured remote repositories.
Switch from one branch to another.
git checkout -b
Create a new branch and switch to it.
List all the branches in your repository, and also tell you on which branch you are currently in.
git branch -d
Delete the feature branch.
git push –all origin
Push all branches to your remote repository.
Fetch and merge changes on the remote server to your working directory.
To merge a different branch into your active branch.
Preview changes in all the files whatever you have done.
git diff –base
Preview changes for a specific file done by you.
After you have manually resolved any conflicts, you can mark the changed file then pushed.
Display all the commits with commitId that is pushed to the remote server, and CommitId will be unique for every commit.
git checkout —
With this command, we can undo local changes for that specific file.
Suppose you want to switch to another branch but you don’t want to commit what you have been working on yet, then you can stash the changes using above command.
git stash apply
You can reapply the changes to any branch that you have stashed by using the above command.
git stash clear
You can clear the stash using the above command.
git diff > patch_name.patch
This command used to create a patch with diff output (all the changes that you have done for all the files)
git diff patch_name.patch
Create a patch for a specific file.
git apply patch_name.patch
This command used to apply the patch file changes in your current branch.
Cherry picking is used to choose a commit from one branch and apply it onto another.
git reset –soft HEAD~1
Undo the last commit.
git reset –soft
Undo any previous commit.
Remove untracked files from the working branch.
git clean -f -d
This command used to remove directories, untracked files from the working branch.
Manages reflog information means it keep a record of when the tips of branches and other references were updated in the local repository.