Ruby and Python, both are fast and powerful. Both languages are highly appreciated in the programming communities. What sets them apart, what makes a developer choose one over the other, is going to be our topic for the day!
Let’s talk about the similarities first!
Ruby and Python are both server-side scripting languages, with their focus on simplicity, working towards rapid development i.e. getting things done at a faster pace while writing as little code as possible! These scripts abstain from verbose code, strict hierarchy patterns, and syntax correctness for focussing more on the Object-Oriented behavior. Sounds intriguing, doesn’t it??!
Both are in high demand among the start-ups focused on developing web apps as these are the developer-friendly scripts, giving you the desired results in fewer coding efforts. Both these languages are interpreted languages which implies that there’s no need to use a compiler, unlike C++ or Scala.
Now, the differences
Ruby and the Ruby on Rails Framework
Introduced in 1995, Ruby has its roots deep into Object-Oriented Concepts, majorly influenced by C++, Perl, and Java. Ruby is an ideal choice for collaboration, speed, and business where you can act as fast as you think!
It’s preferably used from Web Development to get the complex, high traffic sites and apps up and running in no time. One of the main principles that Ruby stands on, is “Do more with Less”, giving Developers their Freedom and Flexibility, by letting them code in the style they find comfortable, with the same optimal results.
Ruby when combined with Rails gives a developer a superpower, called Gems. These are external libraries, that come bundled with functionalities that most of the websites seek, like Login/Registration (done via Devise Gem), thereby saving a Developers’ time, and letting them focus more on the functionalities that need their expertise.
Now let’s talk about some of the popular websites built using Ruby,
- Basecamp (you heard me right, Carmatecians!)
- Twitter (conceived, using Ruby)
- GitHub (Hooray, the developer in me!!)
Being a Rubyist, the reason I love Ruby for is its Simplicity. It gives me space to code in a manner I choose, by giving me ample of options to choose from. In short, it’s developer-friendly and easy to pick up, and fun to learn.
Ruby Class Example:
Python and the Django Framework
Python is all about Efficiency and Support for applications that require heavy calculations, which are the basic needs for any application that has to do with Data and Science. When coupled with Django, Python enables super-fast development.
Python is usually preferred for academic and scientific programming, it has a huge collection of libraries to work with, which makes it the best for the websites that are high on data-usage and were dealing with high-traffic is a major concern. It works well for websites with a lot of Math, big data, and calculations. It is actively used by Data Scientists for prototyping and data analysis. The working principle in Python is “One right way to do things”.
Python offers you ample code readability and speed to work with and it is easy to learn, a bit conservative, stricter than Ruby, and efficient — all at the same time! The developers usually love Python for its stable nature and fewer needs for updates — thereby being consistent, wherein you don’t constantly have to worry about deprecations and warnings.
Some major apps built on Python, are:
Python Class Example:
It makes sense to conclude with the fact that Ruby and Python are both fast and effective and both have their own followers. It all boils down to how you want to model your Website or Application.
If your app is going to need a lot of processing logic, dealing with large amounts of data, Python will be your best bet. On the other hand, if you want fast results, which deal elegantly with heavy-traffic, Ruby is your God.
I hope this article helped you learn something new!
Stay tuned for more!